This poem is going to be quite interesting
because I have no idea
about any of these kings, or their lands.
The scripture says,
“And it came to pass in the days of
Amraphel king of Shinar,
Arioch king of Ellasar,
Chedorlaomer king of Elam,
and Tidal king of Goyim
(also called nations)
that they made war with
Bera king of Sodom,
Birsha king of Gomorrah,
Shinab king of Admah,
Shemeber king of Zeboiim,
and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).
All these joined together
in the Valley of Siddim
(that is, the Salt Sea).
12 years they served Chedorlaomer,
and in the 13th year they rebelled.”
Shinar, Eliasar, Elam and Goyim
were Mesopotamian kingdoms
led by Mesopotamian kings.
Mesopotamia is best understood
as a region that produced
multiple empires and civilizations.
Shinar made up the southern region
and is often referred to
as the land of Babylonia.
Shinar is the kingdom
that started from Nimrod,
and it is the place
where the Tower of Babel was built.
It’s the place where
the descendants of Noah
migrated after leaving
the mountains of Armenia.
I’m having a hard time finding out
exactly where Ellesar actually was,
but it appears to be south of Babylon,
close to the land Ur.
Elam was an ancient civilization
that ruled an old kingdom
by the Persian Gulf.
It represents an area that takes up
much of Iran and part of Iraq.
And during this time,
Chedorlaomer was its king,
and the other kings bowed their knees,
and fell subservient to him.
And who is the king of Goyim,
the king of nations?
Some believe this area ran north of Elam --
and represents a people who came from
the eastern mountains.
So these kings, coming from the east,
wanted to take over the Jordan River Valley.
Admah, Zeboim and Bela,
also known as Zoar,
were five cities of the Plain
of the River Jordan.
They took up arms and fought together
against the four kings and their kingdoms.
I guess the River valley region
was very appealing,
and was a region worth saving.
“All these joined together
in the Valley of Siddim
(that is, the Salt Sea).”
This area is also called
the “sea of the Arabah
under the slopes of Pigsah in the east.”
This is the area of the Dead Sea,
and the vale of Siddim
was full of slime pits.
The scripture says they served
the king of Elam for 12 years
and then in year 13,
they rebelled against him.
And then In year 14,
they began to fight other regions.
I don’t understand what this means?
Did they rebel
or did they join forces with him?
I think this is enough for today.
Tomorrow I will write 14, Part 2.
Because right now, I’m totally confused!